Structure and content of a characterisation

Wed, 15. Sep 21


Date: Wednesday, 15. September 2021

Time: 12 o'clock


Location: school 15

Street: St John's Church

Zip and city: Wells


Before you start your characterisation, you should mark all passages that give clues to the character traits of the chosen character. Use sticky notes to remember the relevant pages and make short notes. Always add the page number to your notes so that you can find your examples later.


The aim of a characterisation is to find hidden traits, to establish interpersonal relationships, to reveal contradictions and to present the development of the character in a comprehensible way. In this way, you can also make possible predictions for the further development of the plot.

The introduction of the characterisation always starts with an introductory sentence. In this, you should name the type of text, the author, the title of the work, the year of publication and the topic of the work. In a second sentence, you can also use and briefly introduce the character you are looking at.

Main body
The main part of the characterisation is divided into an external and an internal view. Always start with the external characteristics of the person. First you can mention characteristics of the appearance, then say something about the social situation and finally describe the language and behaviour that you can see from the outside. Sometimes it is more appropriate to start with the social situation. This always depends on the focus of your characterisation.

Then you move on to the internal view. Why does the person behave the way he does? What are How is she influenced by society or her environment? Also look at the relationship of the character to the other characters and note whether there has been development and the character is dynamic and complex, or whether the character is static and simple. Here you will find all the important points of the main section at a glance:

Exterior view:

External appearance (age, gender, height, build, gait, hair colour, facial features, facial expressions, gestures, scars, birthmarks, jewellery, clothing more:
Social situation (origin, education, social milieu, circle of friends, family, relationship, profession, social position)
Language (communication situation, manner of speaking, proportion of conversation)
External action (visible behaviour, reactions to the environment, habits, activities)
Social impact (apparent impact of the character on his or her environment)
Inner view:

Inner action (thoughts, motives, goals, inner conflicts, emotional world).
Societal impact (external factors that influence the character's thoughts and behaviour)
Role within the constellation of characters (relationship to other characters, dramaturgical function)
Development (character change, dynamic/round or static character)

Related events:

Writing characterisation: How to do it right


Tips and tricks for your characterisation

Participants confirmed (0)

No confirmed participants yet.


Written by samreed.


No comments yet.

Add comment

You have to be logged in to write a comment.

Login now.